Peer-reviewed publications of Timo Vihma

Accepted or submitted

Döscher, R., T. Vihma, and E. Maksimovich, Recent Advances in understanding the Arctic Climate System State and Change from a Sea Ice Perspective: a Review, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 14, 10929-10999, doi:10.5194/acpd-14-10929-2014

Jacobs, S. J., T. Vihma, and A. B. Pezza, High latitude connections and thermal comfort during the Black Saturday event in Australia, Submitted to Int. J. Biometeorol.

Mazon, J., S. Niemelä, D. Pino, H. Savijärvi, and T. Vihma, Snow bands over the Gulf of Finland in wintertime, Submitted to Tellus

Sterk, H. A. M., G. J. Steeneveld, T. Vihma, P. S. Anderson, F. C. Bosveld, and A. A. M. Holtslag, Modelling stable boundary layers with low winds over snow Part I: A WRF model evaluation, Submitted to Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc.

Suomi, I., S.-E. Gryning, R. Floors, T. Vihma, and C. Fortelius, On the vertical structure of wind gusts, Submitted to Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc.

Tastula, E.-M., B. Galperin, J. Dudhia, M. A. LeMone, and T. Vihma, The effect of stability functions on model performance in stably stratified conditions: a QNSE-MYJ comparison, Submitted to Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc.

Tetzlaff, A., C. Lüpkes, G. Birnbaum, J. Hartmann, T. Nygård, and T. Vihma, Brief Communication: Trends in sea ice extent north of Svalbard and its impact on cold air outbreaks as observed in spring 2013, Submitted to The Cryosphere

Uotila, P., A. Karpechko, and T. Vihma, Links between the Arctic sea ice and climate extremes in China: An alternative view, Submitted to Adv. Polar Sci

Välisuo, I., T. Vihma, and J.C. King, Surface energy budget on Larsen and Wilkins ice shelves in the Antarctic Peninsula: results based on reanalyses in 1989-2010, The Cryosphere, accepted

Vihma, T., R. Pirazzini, I. A. Renfrew, J. Sedlar, M. Tjernström, T. Nygård, I. Fer, C. Lüpkes, D. Notz, J. Weiss, D. Marsan, B. Cheng, G. Birnbaum, S. Gerland, D. Chechin, and J. C. Gascard, Advances in understanding and parameterization of small-scale physical processes in the marine Arctic climate system: a review, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 13, 32703-32816, doi:10.5194/acpd-13-32703-2013, 2013

Wei, L., Qin, T., Cheng, B.,Vihma, T., Hannula, H.-R., a Pulliainen, J., Long-term climatological trends and their impact on simulated snow and ice thickness in an Arctic lake in Sodankylä, Submitted to Bor. Env. Res.


Cheng, B., T. Vihma, L. Rontu, A. Kontu, H. K. Pour, C. Duguay, and J. Pulliainen (2013), Evolution of snow and ice temperature, thickness and energy balance in Lake Orajärvi, northern Finland, Tellus A 2014, 66, 21564

Nygård, T., T. Valkonen, and T. Vihma (2014), Characteristics of Arctic low-tropospheric humidity inversions based on radio soundings, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 1959-1971, 2014, doi:10.5194/acp-14-1959-2014

Vihma, T. (2014), Effects of Arctic sea ice decline on weather and climate: a review, Surv. Geophys., DOI 10.1007/s10712-014-9284-0

Uotila, P., P. R. Holland, T. Vihma, S. J. Marsland, and N. Kimura (2014), Is realistic Antarctic sea ice extent in climate models the result of excessive ice drift?, Ocean Modell., 2014, 79, 33-42


Boisvert, L., T. Markus, and T. Vihma (2013), Moisture flux changes and trends for the entire Arctic in 2003-2011 derived from EOS Aqua data, J. Geophys. Res., 118, 5829-5843, doi:10.1002/jgrc.20414

Chung, C. E., H. Cha, T. Vihma, P. Räisänen, and D. Decremer (2013), On the possibilities to use atmospheric reanalyses to evaluate the warming structure in the Arctic, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 11209-11219, doi:10.5194/acp-13-11209-2013

Cheng, B., Mäkynen, M., Similä, M., Rontu L., and Vihma, T. (2013), Modelling snow and ice thickness in the coastal Kara Sea, Russian Arctic, J. Appl. Meteorol. Climatol., 52, 164-168

Jacobs, S., A. B. Pezza, V. Barras, J. Bye, and T. Vihma (2013), An analysis of the meteorological variables leading to apparent temperature in Australia: present climate, trends, and global warming simulations, Global and Planetary Change, 107, 145-156

Jakobson, L., T. Vihma, E. Jakobson, T. Palo, A. Männik, and J. Jaagus (2013), Low-level jet characteristics over the Arctic Ocean in spring and summer, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 11089-11099, doi:10.5194/acp-13-11089-2013

Kouznetsov, R., P. Tisler, T. Palo, and T. Vihma (2013), An evidence of very shallow summertime katabatic flows in Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica, Ann. Glaciol., 54(62), 105-113, doi: 10.3189/2013AoG62A180

Nygård, T., T. Valkonen, and T. Vihma (2013), Antarctic Low-Tropospheric Humidity Inversions: 10-year Climatology J. Climate, 26, 5205-5219, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00446.1

Suomi, I., T. Vihma, S.-E. Gryning, and C. Fortelius (2013), Wind gust parameterizations at heights relevant for wind energy - a study based on mast observations Quart. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc., 138: DOI:10.1002/qj.2039

Tammelin, B., Vihma, T., Atlaskin, E., Badger, J., Fortelius, C., Gregow, H., Horttanainen, M., Hyvönen, R., Kilpinen, J., Latikka, J., Ljungberg, K., Mortensen, N. G., Niemelä, S., Ruosteenoja, K., Salonen, K., Suomi, I., and Venäläinen, A. (2013), Production of the Finnish Wind Atlas, Wind Energy, 16, 19-35doi: 10.1002/we.517

Tastula, E.-M., T. Vihma, E. L. Andreas, and B. Galperin (2013), Validation of the diurnal cycles in atmospheric reanalyses over Antarctic sea ice, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 4194-4204, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50336

Uotila, P., T. Vihma, and M. Tsukernik (2013), Close interactions between the Antarctic cyclone budget and large-scale atmospheric circulation, Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 3237-3241, doi:10.1002/grl.50560

Tetzlaff, A., Kaleschke, L., Lüpkes, C., Ament, F., and Vihma, T. (2013), The impact of heterogeneous surface temperatures on the 2-m air temperature over the Arctic Ocean under clear skies in spring, The Cryosphere, 7, 153-166, doi:10.5194/tc-7-153-2013

Tian, T., F. Boberg, O.B. Christensen, J.H. Christensen, J. She, and T. Vihma (2013), Resolved complex coastlines and landsea contrasts in a high-resolution regional climate model: a comparative study using prescribed and modelled SSTs, Tellus A 2013, 65, 19951

Valkonen, T., T. Vihma, M. Johansson, and J. Launiainen (2013), Atmosphere - sea ice interaction in early summer in the Antarctic: evaluation and challenges of a regional atmospheric model, Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc., published online, doi: 10.1002/qj.2237

Wood CR, Järvi L, Kouznetsov R, Nordbo A, Drebs A, Vihma T, Hirsikko A, Suomi I, Fortelius C, O'Connor E, Moiseev D, Haapanala S, Moilanen J, Kangas M, Karppinen A, Joffre S, Vesala T, Kukkonen J. (2013), An overview of the urban boundary layer atmosphere network in Helsinki, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00146.1


Atlaskin E, Vihma T. (2012), Evaluation of NWP results for wintertime nocturnal boundary-layer temperatures over Europe and Finland, Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. DOI:10.1002/qj.1885

Boisvert, L. N., T. Markus, C. L. Parkinson, and T. Vihma (2012), Moisture fluxes derived from EOS aqua satellite data for the North Water Polynya over 2003-2009, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D06119, doi:10.1029/2011JD016949

Jakobson, E., T. Vihma, T. Palo, L. Jakobson, H. Keernik, and J. Jaagus (2012), Validation of atmospheric reanalyzes over the central Arctic Ocean, Geophys. Res. Lett. 39, L10802, doi:10.1029/2012GL051591

Karvonen, J., Cheng, B., Vihma, T., Arkett, M., and Carrieres, T. (2012), A method for sea ice thickness and concentration analysis based on SAR data and a thermodynamic model, The Cryosphere, 6, 1507-1526, doi:10.5194/tc-6-1507-2012

Kilpeläinen, T., T. Vihma, M. Manninen, A. Sjöblom, E. Jakobson, T. Palo and M. Maturilli (2012), Modelling the vertical structure of the atmospheric boundary layer over Arctic fjords in Svalbard, Quart. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc., DOI:10.1002/qj.1914

Lüpkes, C., T. Vihma, G. Birnbaum, S. Dierer, T. Garbrecht, V.M. Gryanik, M. Gryschka, J. Hartmann, G. Heinemann, L. Kaleschke, S. Raasch, H. Savijärvi, K.H. Schlünzen, and U. Wacker (2012), Mesoscale modelling of the Arctic atmospheric boundary layer and its interaction with sea ice, In: Lemke, P. and Jacobi, H.-W (Eds.): Arctic Climate Change - The ACSYS Decade and Beyond, Atmospheric and Oceanographic Sciences Library, vol. 43, DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-2027-5

Maksimovich, E., and T. Vihma (2012), The effect of surface heat fluxes on interannual variability in the spring onset of snow melt in the central Arctic Ocean, J. Geophys. Res., 117, C07012, doi:10.1029/2011JC007220

Tastula, E.-M, T. Vihma, and E. L. Andreas (2012), Modeling of the Atmospheric Boundary Layer over Antarctic Sea Ice in Autumn and Winter, Mon. Wea. Rev., 140, 3919-3935

Vihma, T., P. Tisler, and P. Uotila (2012), Atmospheric forcing on the drift of Arctic sea ice in 1989-2009, Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L02501, doi:10.1029/2011GL050118


Kilpeläinen, T., T. Vihma, and H. Olafsson (2011), Modelling of spatial variability and topographic effects over Arctic fjords in Svalbard, Tellus, 63A, 223-237. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0870.2010.00481.x

Mäkiranta, E., T. Vihma, A. Sjöblom, and E.-M. Tastula (2011), Observations and modelling of the atmospheric boundary layer over sea ice in a Svalbard fjord, Boundary-Layer Meteorol., 140, 105-123, doi:10.1007/s10546-011-9609-1

Stässel, A., Z. Zhang, and T. Vihma (2011), The effect of alternative real-time wind forcing on Southern Ocean sea ice simulations, J. Geophys. Res., 116, C11021, doi:10.1029/2011JC007328

Tastula, E.-M., and T. Vihma (2011), WRF model experiments on the Antarctic atmosphere in winter, Mon. Wea. Rev., 139, 1279-1291, doi:10.1175/2010MWR3478.1

Uotila, P., T. Vihma, A. B. Pezza, I. Simmonds, K. Keay, and A. H. Lynch (2011), Relationships between Antarctic cyclones and surface conditions as derived from high-resolution numerical weather prediction data, J. Geophys. Res., 116, D07109, doi:10.1029/2010JD015358

Vihma, T. (2011), Atmosphere-snow/ice interactions, In: V.P. Singh, P. Singh, U.K. Haritashya (Eds.): Encyclopedia of snow, ice and glaciers. Springer, Dortrecht, The Netherlands, p. 66-75

Vihma, T., T. Kilpeläinen, M. Manninen, A. Sjäblom, E. Jakobson, T. Palo, J. Jaagus, and M. Maturilli (2011), Characteristics of temperature and humidity inversions and low-level jets over Svalbard fjords in spring, Advances in Meteorology, Volume 2011, Article ID 486807, 14 p., doi:10.1155/2011/486807

Vihma, T., O.-P. Mattila, R. Pirazzini, and M. M. Johansson (2011), Spatial and temporal variability in summer snow pack in Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica, The Cryosphere., 5, 187-201, doi:10.5194/tc-5-187-2011

Vihma, T., E. Tuovinen, and H. Savijärvi (2011), Interaction of katabatic winds and near-surface temperatures in the Antarctic, J. Geophys. Res., 116, D21119, doi:10.1029/2010JD014917


Jakobson, E. and T. Vihma (2010), Atmospheric moisture budget over the Arctic on the basis of the ERA-40 reanalysis, Int. J. Climatol., 30: 2175-2194, DOI: 10.1002/joc.2039

Lüpkes, C., T. Vihma, E. Jakobson, G. König-Langlo, and A. Tetzlaff (2010), Meteorological observations from ship cruises during summer to the central Arctic: A comparison with reanalysis data, Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L09810, doi:10.1029/2010GL042724

Riihelä. A., Laine, V., Manninen, T., Palo, T., and Vihma, T. (2010), Validation of the Climate-SAF surface broadband albedo product: comparisons with in situ observations over Greenland and the ice-covered Arctic Ocean, Remote Sensing of Environment, 114, 2779-2790

Valkonen, T., T. Vihma, S. Kirkwood, and M. M. Johansson (2010), Fine-scale model simulation of gravity waves generated by Basen nunatak in Antarctica, Tellus, 62A, 319-332

Vihma, T. (2010), Effects of weather on the performance of marathon runners, Int. J. Biometeorol., 54:297-306. DOI 10.1007/s00484-009-0280-x


Vihma, T. and J. Haapala (2009), Erratum to "Geophysics of sea ice in the Baltic Sea - a review", Progress in Oceanography, 81, 224, doi:10.1016/j.pocean.2009.06.001

Vihma, T. and J. Haapala (2009), Geophysics of sea ice in the Baltic Sea - a review, Progress in Oceanography, 80, 129-148 , doi: 10.1016/j.pocean.2009.02.002

Vihma, T., M. M. Johansson, and J. Launiainen (2009), Radiative and turbulent surface heat fluxes over sea ice in the western Weddell Sea in early summer, J. Geophys. Res., 114, C04019, doi:10.1029/2008JC004995

Vihma, T., J. Launiainen, and R. Pirazzini (2009), 20-years of Finnish research on boundary-layer meteorology and air-ice-sea interaction in the Antarctic, Geophysica, 45(1-2), 7-26


Cheng, B., T. Vihma, Z. Zhang, Z. Li, and H. Wu (2008), Snow and sea ice thermodynamics in the Arctic: Model validation and sensitivity study against SHEBA data, Chinese J. Polar Sci., 19, 108-122

Cheng, B., Z. Zhang, T. Vihma, M. Johansson, L. Bian, Z. Li and H. Wu (2008), Model experiments on snow and ice thermodynamics in the Arctic Ocean with CHINARE2003 data, J. Geophys. Res., 113, C09020, doi:10.1029/2007JC004654

Heino, R., H. Tuomenvirta, V. S. Vuglinsky, B. G. Gustafsson, H. Alexandersson, L. Bärring, A. Briede, J. Cappelen, D. Chen, M. Falarz, E. Førland, J. Haapala, J. Jaagus, L. Kitaev, A. Kont, E. Kuusisto, G. Lindström, H. E. M. Meier, M. Mietus, A. Moberg, K. Myrberg, T. Niedzwiedz, Ø. Nordli, A. Omstedt, K. Orviku, Z. Pruszak, E. Rimkus, V. Russak, C. Schrum, Ü. Suursaar, T. Vihma, R. Weisse, and J. Wibig (2008), Past and current climate change, in: BACC Author Team: Assessment of Climate Change for the Baltic Sea Basin, Springer Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, p. 35-131, 2008

Lüpkes, C., T. Vihma, G. Birnbaum, and U. Wacker (2008), Influence of leads in sea ice on the temperature of the atmospheric boundary layer during polar night, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L03805, doi:10.1029/2007GL032461

Stössel, A., W.-G. Cheon, and T. Vihma (2008), Interactive momentum flux forcing over sea ice in a global ocean GCM, J. Geophys. Res, 113, C05010, doi:10.1029/2007JC004173

Tietäväinen, H. and T. Vihma (2008), Atmospheric moisture budget over Antarctica and Southern Ocean on the basis of ERA-40 reanalysis, Int. J. Climatol., 28, 1977-1995, doi: 10.1002/joc.1684

Tisler, P., T. Vihma, G. Müller, and B. Brümmer (2008), Modelling of warm-air advection over Arctic sea ice, Tellus, 60A, 775–788

Valkonen, T., T. Vihma, and M. Doble (2008), Mesoscale modelling of the atmospheric boundary layer over the Antarctic sea ice: a late autumn case study, Mon. Wea. Rev., 136, 1457-1474

Vihma, T., J. Jaagus, E. Jakobson, and T. Palo (2008), Meteorological conditions in the Arctic Ocean in spring and summer 2007 as recorded on the drifting ice station Tara, Gephys. Res. Lett., 35, L18706, doi: 10.1029/2008GL034681


Mäkynen, M., B. Cheng, M. Similä, T. Vihma, and M. Hallikainen (2007), Comparisons between SAR backscattering coefficient and results of a thermodynamic snow/ice model for the Baltic Sea land-fast sea ice, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 45, 1131-1141


Cheng, B., T. Vihma, R. Pirazzini and M. Granskog (2006), Modeling of superimposed ice formation during spring snow-melt period in the Baltic Sea, Ann. Glaciol., 44, 139-146

Granskog, M, T. Vihma, R. Pirazzini, and B. Cheng (2006), Superimposed ice formation and surface fluxes on sea ice during the spring melt-freeze period in the Baltic Sea, J. Glaciol., 52, 119-127

Pirazzini, R., T. Vihma, M. A. Granskog, and B. Cheng (2006), Surface albedo measurements over sea ice in the Baltic Sea during the spring snowmelt period, Ann. Glaciol., 44, 7-14


Vihma, T. (2005), Preface (for the Special Issues on the atmospheric boundary layer over sea ice), Boundary-Layer Meteorol., 117, 1-4

Vihma, T., and R. Pirazzini (2005), On the factors controlling the snow surface and 2-m air temperatures over the Arctic sea ice in winter, Bound.-Layer Meteorol., 117, 73-90

Vihma, T., C. Lüpkes, J. Hartmann, and H. Savijärvi (2005), Observations and modelling of cold-air advection over Arctic sea ice in winter, Bound.-Layer Meteorol., 117, 275-300


Cheng, B., J. Launiainen, and T. Vihma (2003), Modelling of superimposed ice formation and sub-surface melting in the Baltic Sea, Geophysica, 39, 31-50

Schröder, D., T. Vihma, A. Kerber, and B. Brümmer (2003), On the parameterization of turbulent surface fluxes over heterogeneous sea ice surfaces, J. Geophys. Res., 108, No. C6, doi: 10.1029/2002JC001385

Vihma, T., J. Hartmann, and C. Lüpkes (2003), A case study of an on-ice air flow over the Arctic marginal sea ice zone, Bound.-Layer Meteorol., 107 (1): 189-217


Brümmer, B., A. Kirchgässner, G. Müller, D. Schröder, J. Launiainen, and T. Vihma (2002), The BALTIMOS field campaigns over the Baltic Sea during all four seasons, Boreal Env. Res., 7, 371-378

Brümmer, B., D. Schröder, J. Launiainen, T. Vihma, A.-S. Smedman, and M. Magnusson (2002), Temporal and spatial variability of surface fluxes over the ice edge zone in the northern Baltic Sea, J. Geophys. Res., 107(C8), 3096, doi:10.1029/2001JC000884

Cheng, B., and T. Vihma (2002), Idealized study of a 2-D coupled sea-ice/atmosphere model during warm-air advection, J. Glaciol., 48, 425-438

Niros, A., T. Vihma and J. Launiainen (2002), Marine meteorological conditions and air-sea exchange processes over the Baltic Sea in 1990s, Geophysica, 38, 59-87

Pirazzini, R., T. Vihma, J. Launiainen, and P. Tisler (2002), Validation of HIRLAM boundary-layer structures over the Baltic Sea, Boreal Env. Res., 7, 211-218

Vihma, T. and B. Brümmer (2002), Observations and modelling of on-ice and off-ice flows in the northern Baltic Sea, Bound.-Layer Meteorol., 103, 1-27

Vihma, T., J. Uotila, B. Cheng, and J. Launiainen (2002), Surface heat budget over the Weddell Sea: buoy results and comparisons with large-scale models, J. Geophys. Res., 107 (C2), 3013, doi: 10.1029/2000JC00037


Cheng, B, J. Launiainen, T. Vihma, and J. Uotila (2001), Modelling sea ice thermodynamics in BALTEX-BASIS, Ann. Glaciol., 33, 243-247

Kaleschke, L., C. Lüpkes, T. Vihma, J. Haarpaintner, A. Bochert, J. Hartmann, and G. Heygster (2001), SSM/I Sea Ice Remote Sensing for Mesoscale Ocean-Atmosphere Interaction Analysis, Canadian J. Remote Sensing, 27, 526-536

Launiainen, J. B. Cheng, J. Uotila, and T. Vihma (2000), Turbulent surface fluxes and air-ice coupling in the Baltic Air-Sea-Ice Study (BASIS), Ann. Glaciol., 33, 237-242


Uotila, J., T. Vihma, and J. Launiainen (2000), Response of the Weddell Sea ice pack to wind forcing, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 1135-1151

Vihma, T., and C. Kottmeier (2000), A modelling approach for optimizing flight patterns in airborne meteorological measurements, Bound.-Layer Meteorol., 95, 211-230


Vihma, T., J. Uotila, and J. Launiainen (1998), Air-sea interaction over a thermal marine front in the Denmark Strait, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 27,665-27,678


Uotila, J., J. Launiainen, and T. Vihma (1997), An Analysis of Buoy Drift in the Northern North Atlantic with Detection of Drogue Loss Events, Atmosphere-Ocean, 35, 474-494


Vihma, T., J. Launiainen, and J. Uotila (1996), Weddell Sea ice drift: kinematics and wind forcing, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 18,279-18,296


Vihma, T. (1995), Atmosphere-surface interactions over polar oceans and heterogeneous surfaces, Finnish Marine Research, 264, 41 p. (PhD-Thesis)

Vihma, T. (1995), Subgrid parameterization of surface heat and momentum fluxes over polar oceans, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 22,625-22,646

Uotila, J., J. Launiainen, and T. Vihma (1995), Analysis of the surface drift currents in the Bothnian Sea, Geophysica, 31, 37-49


Launiainen, J., and T. Vihma (1994),On the surface heat fluxes in the Weddell Sea, in: The Polar Oceans and Their Role in Shaping the Global Environment, Nansen Centennial Volume, edited by O. M. Johannessen, R. Muench, and J.E. Overland, Geophysical Monograph Series, 85, American Geophysical Union, pp. 399-419


Vihma, T. and J. Launiainen (1993), Ice drift in the Weddell Sea in 1990-1991 as tracked by a satellite buoy, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 14471-14485


Vihma, T., J. Launiainen and G. Krause (1991), On the air-sea interaction in areas of thermal marine fronts in the Greenland Sea, Atmosphere-Ocean, 29, 596-610

Vihma, T. and H. Savijärvi (1991), On the effective roughness length for heterogeneous terrain, Quart. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc, 117, 399-407


Launiainen, J. and T. Vihma (1990), Derivation of turbulent surface fluxes - an iterative flux-profile method allowing arbitrary observing heights, Environmental Software, 5, 113-124