The aim of the project is to achieve better understanding on the interaction processes between atmosphere, snow, ice and sea in Antarctica, and based on this develop better ways to describe these processes in the climate and weather models. The research focuses on
(a) snow and ice surface energy balance on ice sheets, ice shelves and sea ice
(b) heat exchange between atmosphere and sea-ice and the physical processes of the troposphere
(c) the large scale circulation, moisture budget and cyclones of the atmosphere.
In the project existing data (i.e. from research campaigns conducted in years 2006-2013) is analysed and new observations are done at the Finnish Antarctic research station Aboa. Newest technology, i.e. remote controlled drones, is applied in the observations. The analysis of observations is supported by divers numerical modelling techniques.